Readings/Works Cited

Anderson, Michele
1999a Hotels, Motels Feeling the Heat. In the Daily Mining Gazette, December 6, 1999, pp. 1, 8.

1999b ‘Movin’ On’: Heikki Lunta Shuffles off to Bigger Stage. In the Daily Mining Gazette,December 21, 1999, p. 8.

Anderson, Zac
2003 Heikki Puts Snow in Heikinpäivä: Hundreds Turn Out for Annual Finnish Festival. In the Daily Mining Gazette, January 20, 2003, p. 1.

Babcock, Barbara, editor
1978 The Reversible World: Symbolic Inversion in Art and Society. Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press. p. 11.

Bauman, Richard
1977 Verbal Art As Performance. Prospect Heights, IL: Waveland Press, pp. 28, 43.

Conga Se Menne
1997 Conga Se Menne: Music & Video. Marquette, Michigan: Superior Productions.

1994 Guess Who’s Coming (to Sauna? Heikki Lunta) From Finnish Reggae... and Other Sauna Beats. Negaunee, Michigan: Conga Records.

1996 Look Who’s Sitting (in the Sauna) From Land of the Conga Boys. Negaunee, Michigan: Conga Records.

2001 Make it Snow From Livin’ Inna Northern Paradise. Marquette, Michigan: Porky Pine Records.

Da Yoopers
1991 Heikki Lunta From Yoopy Doo Wah.Marquette, Michigan: You Guys Records.

Daily Mining Gazette
1985 H[eikki] L[unta] Society Drums Out Long Winter in the Daily Mining Gazette, March 25, 1985.

1979 Heikki Luntta Visits ‘Snow Capital of the Midwest’ in the Copper Island Sentinel,March 13, 1979.

1990 Lack of Snow Prompts Ski Hill Enthusiasts to Turn to Snow God in the Daily Mining Gazette,December 18, 1990.

Dorson, Richard M.
1952 Bloodstoppers and Bearwalkers: Folk Traditions of the Upper PeninsulaCambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, pp. 123, 124.

Dundes, Alan
1987 Cracking Jokes: Studies of Sick Humor Cycles and Stereotypes.Berkeley, CA: Ten Speed Press. p. vii.

Finnish Genealogical Society
2001 Heikki Lunta genealogy posts between Doug Karttunen and Jim Kurtti.

Glantz, Robert G.
2003 A Yooper’s California Yarn. In the Finnish American Reporter. January 2003, p. 28.

Hobsbawm, Eric and Terence Ranger, editors.
1983 The Invention of Tradition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, p. 2.

Holmio, Armas K.E.
2001 [1967] History of the Finns in Michigan. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, pp. 18- 19, 23.

Joutjärvi, Maija
2005 Michiganin Legendaarinen Heikki Lunta: Suomalainen Lumijumala Syntyi Laulusta. [Michigan’s legendary Heikki Lunta: Finnish Snow God Born From a Song]. In Canadan Sanomat (Thunder Bay, Ontario) and Lahten Sanomat (Lahti, Finland) October 2005.

Karttunen, Doug
2001 Mythical Snow-Maker’s Roots Remain a Mystery in the Finnish-American Reporter,March 2001, p. 13.

Kaups, Matti
1987 A Commentary Concerning the Legend of St. Urho in Minnesota in Finnish Americana,Volume 7, 1987- 1988, p.17.

Kivisto, Peter J.
1992 The Attenuated Ethnicity of Contemporary Finnish Americans in Immigration and Ethnicity: American Society- “Melting Pot” or “Salad Bowl”?Michael D’Innocenzo and Josef P. Sirefman, editors. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press p. 45.

Kurtti, James
2004 Audio-recorded interview. Hilary-Joy Virtanen, interviewer. Indiana University Study # 04-9136, August 14, 2004.

2001 Finnish Culture: Utilizing Ethnic Identity in Strategic Development. Presented at FinnForum VI, Turku, Finland.

2004 [1998] Heikki Lunta: A Modern Copper Country Folk Hero online at Heikinpäivä: A Finnish-American Mid-Winter Festival

Leary, James P.
2005 An Evaluation of Hilary Virtanen’s Exhibit, “Not Just Talking About the Weather: Tradition, Social Change, and Heikki Lunta.” [live exhibition at FinnGrandFest 2005, unpublished].

Ortner, Sherry

  • On Key Symbols. American Anthropologist 75(5), pp. 1339, 1340.

Riutta, David
2004 Audio-recorded interview. Hilary-Joy Virtanen, interviewer. Indiana University Study # 04-9136, September 2, 2004.

1971 Heikki Lunta, Go Away on Heikki Lunta. Hancock, Michigan: Heikki Lunta Records.

1970 The Heikki Lunta Snow Dance Song on Heikki Lunta. Hancock, Michigan: Heikki Lunta Records.

Saari, Jon L.
2003 Black Ties and Miners’ Boots: Inventing Finnish-American Philanthropy, A History of Finlandia Foundation National 1953- 2003, Solvang, CA: Finlandia Foundation National.

Skuggen, Bob
1985 Media Excluded: Heikki Lunta Parade to Drum Out Winter in the Daily Mining Gazette,March 20, 1985, p. 1.

1987[?] Da Legend of Heikki Lunta, Eh! Material archived at the Copper Country Historical Archives, Michigan Technological University, Houghton, Michigan.
2 pp.

Stoeltje, Beverly
1993 Power and the Ritual Genres: American Rodeo in Western Folklore 52:2/4. Theorizing Folklore: Toward New Perspectives on the Politics of Culture. (Apr. - Oct., 1993).
Susag, Chris
2002 Contemporary Finnish American Identities Compared: A Preliminary Examination. Journal of Finnish Studies,6(1-2). August-December 2002.

Tuisku, Richard (Dick Storm)
2004 Interview with Hilary Virtanen. Copper Country Today. WCCY radio, Houghton, Michigan, July 4, 2004.

Turner, Victor
1982 From Ritual to Theatre: The Human Seriousness of Play. New York: PAJ Publications. p. 28.

Vidutis, Richard
1991 Finnish Settlement Architecture in Michigan’s Keweenaw Peninsula: Adaptation, Evolution and Restoration of Forms. PhD. Dissertation, Folklore Institute, Indiana University-Bloomington, p. 166.

Virtanen, Hilary
2004 Cultural Continuity Through Folkloric Invention: The Creation and Uses of Heikki Lunta. Presented at FinnForum VII, University of Minnesota- Twin Cities, October 30, 2004.

2004 I’ll Show You a Backwoods Finn: Performing Pride and Deprecation in Heikki Lunta. Unpublished class paper.

2005 Not Just Talking About the Weather: Tradition, Social Change, and Heikki Lunta. Lecture and exhibition at FinnGrandFest 2005, Northern Michigan University, Marquette. August 11-15, 2005.

Virtanen, Leea
1986 Traditional Expressions of Aggression: Reflections of Culture Change. In Contemporary Folklore and Culture Change. Irma-Riitta Järvinen, ed. Helsinki: Suomalainen Kirjallisuuden Seura, p. 90.

Virtanen, Leea and Thomas DuBois
2000 Finnish Folklore. Helsinki: Finnish Literature Society. pp. 59, 62.

2004 Early News. August 3, 2004.

Wargelin-Brown, Marianne
1987 The Kalevala as Western Culture in Finland and America. Finnish Americana7. 1987-1988 pp. 8-9.

Watson, Patty
1987 Heikki Lunta: A Legend of the Keweenaw. Unpublished draft for Suomi College class, Regional Folkways. Archived material. Finnish American Historical Archives, Finlandia University, Hancock, Michigan, p. 8.

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